One of the great potentials of eye tracking technology is novice to expert training. Research has shown that experts and novices in various fields have very different gaze path patterns that affect individual performance. In some cases, these differences are subtle, but in others they can mean the difference between life and death.
Here are six major areas currently using eye tracking technology in novice to expert research and training:
- Medical: Both surgical and nursing fields have explored the way experts and novices attend to patients and patient information, such as vitals screens and medical charts, to improve nurse and surgeon training and lower the risk of fatal mistakes.
- Law Enforcement: A study by the Force Science Research Center showed that expert officers reacted more quickly and hit their targets more consistently than rookies did.
- Forensics: At Indiana University, a group of researchers studied how expert fingerprint analyzers spent more time looking at fingerprint scans and attended to more locations than their inexperienced counterparts.
- Aviation: According to a study by the United States Air Force Academy, expert pilots have shorter dwell-time and a greater number of total fixations during both landing and flight than did novice pilots.
- Astronautics: NASA has used eye tracking technology as a means of measuring the eye movements of astronauts in order to enhance future pilot training.
- Athletics: More effective visual search behavior is one of the primary advantages experienced tennis players have over inexperienced ones, according to researchers at Liverpool John Moores University.
And this is only the tip of the iceberg. Every day, new research shows different, unique ways eye tracking can help novices in other industries accelerate their education. With eye tracking technology, we can expect to see this transformation in a fraction of the time.